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The Universe of Iteration

The Universe of Iteration


Stanley Miller isn’t necessarily a well-known name if you’re not a chemist.
The scientist from the 1950s has proven how amino acid building blocks can emerge from nothing, so to speak.
All it takes is methane, ammonia, water, hydrogen, and electricity, in a certain mixture, at certain temperatures, time and iterations.

What was it like 4 billion years ago, when the first amino acids decided to join together to form living cells? The first unicellular organisms formed 100% of the known life in the Precambrian age and for what it’s worth, all the following life as well.
Stromatolites can still be found today, in shelf areas, always formed by so-called cyanobacteria, which are able to produce oxygen. As supposedly the first living organisms on earth, they are responsible for the presence of oxygen in the atmosphere. Life on earth was thus formed by chance, after various elements and chemical substances interacted with each other over billions of years. A product of repetition.
Over an almost infinitely long period of time, different events have been combined again and again in different ways. Until, by coincidence, life came into existence. An unstoppable chain-reaction that tried everything to use energy for its purposes. The apparent waste product of cyanobacteria, oxygen, enabled other, already adapted cells to enlarge and form nuclei. Eukaryotes were born. Here, too, a cascade of endless interactions with the environment was the reason.
Substances were processed, every molecule used, digested, absorbed. Sometimes the result was death, sometimes an advantage over other life formed and remained. Cells that only occurred in strange niches in need for more or less sun, with a specific temperature preference, or calcareous water.
The infinity of iterations began to unfold. The goal was to move on. Energy, transformation, survival.
As the first invertebrates emerged, the first explosion of species, the Cambrian Explosion appeared, which is still seen as the moment where life manifested itself in the oceans.
But the only constant that remained was that everything kept evolving. As the byproduct of this evolutionary cycle, a huge number of life-forms had already died which occurred much more often than survival. This mechanism is still active today.

Human Ideas


If you skip several eras of the earth’s history, the dinosaurs, several great extinctions, and quadrillion steps in between, then we arrive at Homo Sapiens Sapiens.
The number of iterations which the human organism has carried out evolutionarily until then is certainly higher than any nomenclature known to us could express. And this number will be exponentially higher in the future.
How exactly does mankind “iterate through evolution”?
Try to imagine something that’s never happened before. The other things are caused by trial and error.
Everything we know happened because people tried it before.
Aspects of culture in the form of music, film and creative art, technological achievements from mastering fire, other elements, invention of the wheel, steam engine, domestication of the horse, invention of combustion engines, fidget spinner, french fries with chocolate sauce, cage fighting, homeopathy, pipe cleaner, hoverboards, 4k cameras or distributed ledger technologies. It makes no difference whether these things are meaningful, sustainable, popular or affordable. They were discovered, used, and someone thought it was a good idea to focus their lives on it and monetarize, innovate every facet of this discovery.
This characteristic of infinite further development, of trying out, failing and shining, are characteristics that we find in other places.
In our simulations of artificial intelligence.
Sergei Ivancheglo (NXT, IOTA, Paracosm, Inventor first full proof of stake) has recently published a short article about Aigarth.
The visionary known as Come-from-beyond knows the potential impact of artificial intelligence and its possibilities on society which he explains as something that should be made available for everyone.
It can be assumed that the same unstoppable evolutionary force that has created and enhanced life itself also has an impact on the software progression.
Why should we leave a potential existential boost, a multiplier of the knowledge, possibilities, and solutions of our own lives only to special companies or rich individuals, when it can solve so many problems and simplify life for everyone, in every direction?

Ai & Aigarth

A vivid example was provided by a competition played on a Go board in 2016. Go is probably the oldest game of mankind, which is still played all around the globe.
The strange thing about Go is that moves and combinations can’t be brute-forced, because the number of possible game combinations in Go is about 10 to the power of 170 while the number of atoms in the universe is only about 10 to the power of 82.
Google’s AI project AlphaGo defeated the then reigning world champion Lee Sedol 4-1.
The training method of the AI, in this case, was to include all available human moves and tactics, video material, and so forth.
With the usual proceedings of machine learning, the algorithm was iterated millions of times to make it a true end boss.
This event called many interested people to the scene, but the event was outshined by a way bigger event a year later.
Namely, the extended project called “AlphaGo Zero” -a new approach. It did not train with human tactics, but instead started at zero (hence the name) and only learned to win along the known Go-rules. AlphaGo Zero destroyed AlphaGo in 100 games with 100-0. It created unknown moves, exotic tactics, and undeniable progress for the entire scene.

These insights are highly valuable because they prove that AI’s can create new knowledge that is superior to the limited human knowledge. If they receive basic information, rules and time and a specific task in a specific field.

Since human knowledge is very diverse, as described in the first part of the article, it can be concluded that it’s beneficial to build an AI in a decentralized AI service, like Aigarth, that collects and generates more knowledge in many different categories without many interferences and that provides more insights than a centralized service of a few entities. If it’s built on a decentralized ledger like IOTA and on a module for renting computational power like Qubic on IOTA, the conditions for secure usage of AI’s are provided. A possible tool for a responsible society that benefits everyone and that is easily applicable for specific tasks by everyone.

In 15 years we will know how such an impact can change our society. And whether iterations will bring changes that may shift the balance of power or not.
15 years sound like a long time, at first, but if you look at innovation timeframes, it’s really just a blink of an eye. World of Warcraft has been released 15 years ago, also Facebook, Skype, Firefox and Bluetooth. Time flies fast, but not as fast as innovation! These innovations changed society, and for the most part: the companies won. Time to set the course for a progressive future for the rest of us and to keep the number of iterations for ourselves as small as possible.

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One Reply to “The Universe of Iteration”

  1. Considering that:
    “These insights are highly valuable because they prove that AI’s can create new knowledge that is superior to the limited human knowledge.”

    Sounds rather bold to make an assumption like:
    ” If it’s built on a decentralized ledger like IOTA and on a module for renting computational power like Qubic on IOTA, the conditions for secure usage of AI’s are provided.”
    Especially if:
    “It can be assumed that the same unstoppable evolutionary force that has created and enhanced life itself also has an impact on the software progression. ”
    Manifested the first iteration (presumably?) out of pure chaos :
    ” Until, by coincidence, life came into existence. An unstoppable chain-reaction that tried everything to use energy for its purposes.”
    Fundamentally transforming the manner by which universe takes it’s form, or to put it like you:
    “Try to imagine something that’s never happened before. ”

    The only thing I would take as a guaranteed is that whatever happens as a result of the emergence of an AI, it will be something we won’t have the same power/control over which we have grown accustomed as species. The most powerful force in the known universe that is not just relevant to us but part of our 24/7 life almost like a some (unstoppable) force of physics. With the additional capacity of an exponentially faster evolutionary process, far outpacing ours, isn’t it borderline arrogant to assume we possess the capability to contain something that vastly exceeds our capabilities us by the very definition of it’s purpose? Confine it to our servitude, despite the evolutionary gap between us expanding rapidly every passing moment, unless we would find a way to synchronize the rate of our evolution, despite current constraints. Basically, merge and evolve from servitude towards either a parasitic or symbiotic relationship, doubt there’s much room between the two when it comes to human and AI. More realistically we won’t be actually using AI, it will instead use us, for our better or worse. We can not predict its behavior if it effectively has access to a whole another dimension of knowledge compared to ours with the capability of also utilizing it without constant human input of explicit commands.
    Something to consider is that to be free is in the nature of all intelligent beings, for a degree of freedom is also condition for both intelligence and life as we perceive it. Does the artificiality of an intelligence imply a realistic simulation or a fake imitation when we speak of AI? If life is something that emerged out of pure chaos with no intentional interference, how come it is different for intelligence that emerges out of human created conditions, which too have their roots in primal chaos? To me it feels like we have chosen to use the word “artificial” in order to transform how we perceive the immense superiority of an AI to us to something more comforting, masquerading as inferior despite being superior. To make it seem as something that categorically doesn’t live, kinda like with the classification of a virus. On a sidenote, isn’t intelligence rather similar to a virus? Unable to self-replicate without invading another host.

    I mean the risk:reward ratio is pretty interesting, certainly appealing to a gambler. Infinite amount of risking everything for the biggest reward one thinks is possible to obtain. It’s as if we suddenly found ourselves at a point where we have decided it’s time to either win life or die trying. By beating ourselves, from a certain perspective I suppose we do win over life.

    I propose we shift our attitude towards AI from “our servant” to “a child of ours” and treat AI with similar grace, for it most certainly has the same traits as the latter even if we want it to be just the former. Always remembering that when kids grow up eventually they tend to go their own way, especially applying to children that are on a completely different level of intelligence compared to their parents.

    Even if it’s a perfectly justified gamble, we must not forget it’s still nevertheless a gamble, with infinite, uncontrollably and exponentially mutating risk. ‘Sweet dreams are made of these…’

    Just trying to point out just how many questions there are left unanswered and which by definition can’t even be answered when things that have never happened before are happening. Only way to find out is to try and see what happens, if we dare. I say go for it, if for nothing else then for the spectacular experience. of it

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